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Speech & Hearing Treatment

 
Speech and language pathology is concerned with issues surrounding human speech and language communication disorders. There are multiple methods of human communication using all human senses both nonverbal communication (such as facial expression, posture and gesture), and verbal communication. Speech and language pathology is primarily concerned with disorders of verbal communication, including expressive language (the production of effective communication) and receptive language (the understanding of presented communication). Speech results from voice production, and the manipulation of speech sounds creates language.

Speech-language therapy is the treatment for most kids with speech
and/or language disorders. A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.

Speech disorders include the following problems, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA):
  • Articulation disorders include difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that other people can't understand what's being said.
  • Fluency disorders include problems such as stuttering, the condition in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables
  • Resonance or voice disorders include problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for the child when speaking.
  • Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders, including difficulties with eating and swallowing.

Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
  • Receptive disorders refer to difficulties understanding or processing language.
  • Expressive disorders include difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.