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Infertility

 
Indian hospitals have Comprehensive Andrological Laboratory to diagnoses Male fertility problems. The Department is equipped to do several advance tests for Sperm Egg Interaction to predict Fertility. Treatments are offered for Server Sperm Count Problem Such as poor or absent Sperm Counts including surgical sperm Retrieval and Microsurgery.

Reproductive Medicine Caters to both evaluation of female infertility problems like Anovulation and Tubal Problems and Management of Female Fertility Problems by Laparoscopy as well as IVF and ICSI. The Other Facilities are Sperm, Embryo Freezing, Donor Sperm Bank, Testicular and Ovarian Tissue Cryoperservation, all of which ensure management of difficult or Complex fertility problem, offering the best of Solution for the Couple.
 
Infertility is also defined in specific terms as the failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. Infertility can be due to many causes. Studies have shown that a little more than half of cases of infertility are a result of female conditions. The reminder is caused by sperm disorders and by unexplained factors.

Most types of infertility are treatable. In some cases, in vitro fertilization and other lab procedures may be used to ensure fertilization, and special medical care or medication may be required to enable the pregnancy to come to term.

Infertility is on the rise in many countries. The proportion of women in the US having their first baby at or after age 30 has quadrupled since the mid-70s. This is important because the probability of having a baby decreases by 3 to 5% a year after age 30 and even faster after age 40.

The switch from condoms and diaphragms to non-barrier methods of contraception has also raised the risk of STD (sexually transmitted disease) will compromise the ability to conceive and bear a child.

To conceive a child, a woman must ovulate -- she must release a mature egg from one of her ovaries --and her male partner must ejaculate tens of millions of mature, motile sperm. While sperm from throughout a man's reproductive life, a woman is born with all the eggs she will ever have. Over the years, her supply is depleted (of about 7 million eggs present at birth, only 400 make it to ovulation) and the remaining eggs age, diminishing their reproductive capacity. A sperm must be reach and penetrate the egg as it travels from the ovary to the uterus. The fertilized egg must then be able to divide many times, implant in the uterus, and form the placenta that is its lifeline until birth. If the fallopian tubes have been damaged by pelvic infection, or there is endometriosis misplaced growth of the uterine lining), fertilization or implantation may not be possible.

A normal menstrual cycle involves the release of an egg once a month. That egg can survive up to 24 hours. The easiest way to know the fertile time is to chart the menstrual cycle on a calendar. A woman is most likely to be fertile 10 to 14 days after the start of menstruation.

A woman can better detect ovulation by recording her basal body temperature, using a special thermometer (available at pharmacies) to take her temperature each morning after waking, before doing anything else (including going to the bathroom) and record the reading on a chart that comes with the thermometer. When a woman ovulates, her basal body temperature rises about one degree and remains elevated until her next period. Ovulation predictor kits (sold in pharmacies) depend on sampling the cervical mucus (which thins at ovulation to aid in transporting sperm) and measuring hormonal changes in urine (estrogen levels rise at the start of a woman's most fertile period and a rise in LH (luteinizing hormone) indicates that ovulation is likely to occur within 24 to 36 hours

Sperm can be examined if a semen sample is given to a laboratory or fertility specialist within two hours of ejaculation. A common problem is a varicocele, or varicose vein in the testicles, that interferes with sperm development. Surgery can correct this problem in more than half of cases. It is usually recommended that for women under 35, the use of ovulation-timing methods should be limited to a year, and women over 35 should not wait over 6 months before consulting a doctor who is expert in infertility.

The following treatments and services are covered under Female Infertility treatment:
  • Complete initial investigation
  • ICSI
  • IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)
  • IUI
  • Ovulation Induction
  • Embryo Donation
  • Egg Donation
  • Embryo freezing

The following treatments and services are covered under Male Infertility treatment:
  • Initial Investigation
  • Varicocele surgery
  • Vaso-vasostomy
  • Vaso-epididymal anastomosis
  • TESA/MESA/PESA
  • Semen Freezing